When it comes to treating CSOs in an equal manner to other employers by law and policies, legislation is in line with standards. There are no special registration requirements when hiring people in relation to employment in the commercial sector. The Labor Law and the Law on Compulsory Social Security Contributions do not treat CSOs differently than other legal entities neither as employers nor their employees. All other non-employment contracts (copyright contract, work contract, etc.) under the same conditions are available to CSOs and the persons hiring them.
However, practice indicates disabling environment in the area of equal treatment of CSOs as a beneficiaries of state incentive programs. Answering to FoI request, the National Employment Service responded that it does not have data on the number of citizens’ associations that have benefited from programs and initiatives in the last 12 months compared to other entities. Only 5 CSOs participating in MM Survey reported use of state incentive programs for employment.
There are partially regular statistics on the number of employees in the non-profit sector. Serbian Business Register Agency and Pension and Disability Insurance Fund collect information on employment in the non-profit sector, but still there is no official comprehensive statistics on the number of CSOs employed. There is accurate data on the average number of full-time employees is CSOs recorded by the SBRA based on CSOs annual financial reports, publicly available annually. Data of other forms of employment (part-time employees, consultants or people with short-term contracts) in CSOs collected by the Pension and Disability Insurance Fund according to different methodologies are not available to the public on an annual basis.
According to the last comparative available data (2018), 8.517 is the total number of full-time employees in CSOs which is 0,4% of all employed in Serbia. Data for 2019 will be available after June 2020 due to legal deadlines for submitting annual financial reports.
There is no systematic, comprehensive data on volunteers, volunteer hours or monetary value of volunteer work. Some data is being collected by the Ministry of Labor, Employment, Veterans’ and Social Affairs, in accordance with the Law on volunteering, which registers only organizers of volunteering, but number of volunteers engaged and volunteering hours spend wasn’t evidenced. From totally 351 registered organizers of volunteering, 165 are CSOs. However, this data is not reliable because most CSOs do not send such data reports / information, nor the Ministry publishes comprehensive report annually.
0 – 20 Fully disabling environment20 – 40 Disabling environment
40 – 60 Partially enabling environment60 – 80 Enabling environment
80 – 100 Fully enabling environment