The legal framework in place regulates only volunteering of youth aged 15-24 according to the Law 03/L-145 on Youth Empowerment and Participation, and the Administrative Instruction no. 01/2016 on youth volunteering. The latter establishes procedures of registration, verification and certification of youth volunteers. Initiated in the second part of 2017, the process of drafting the law on volunteering in general, is still in its beginnings. Recently working group comprised also by civil society representatives is drafting the concept document. Its main principles include: defining principles, conditions and rights of volunteers, setting up a volunteer support body and establishing mechanisms for monitoring and evaluation of volunteers. Available incentives for volunteers include access to capacity building activities and reimbursement of expenses for the period of engagement. Both activities aim to maximize youth involvement in volunteering. On the other hand, government officials interviewed have listed meetings with CSOs and volunteers, and workshops on procedures to certify volunteers as incentives to promote volunteering. The absence of the state programs and mechanisms constitute only wake efforts by the Government side to promote volunteering. The platform for online registration of volunteers has eased the registration process, while procedures are easy to follow. Hence registration procedures do not prohibit spontaneous or volunteering in general.
An agreement should be signed between volunteers and organizations. Youth volunteering should follow certain criteria regarding its length such as: people under 18 years old can volunteer no more than 26 hours per month. Volunteers between 18-24 years old can volunteer no more than 130 hours per month. Volunteers under 16 years old are obligated to validate their engagement through parental or guardian permission. Additionally, Article 3 of the Administrative Instruction says that prior to their engagement new volunteers should be notified regarding their rights, duties, benefits and potential associated risks.
0 – 20 Fully disabling environment20 – 40 Disabling environment
40 – 60 Partially enabling environment60 – 80 Enabling environment
80 – 100 Fully enabling environment
Youth Department within the Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sport, is the only body that generates data regarding the number of registered young volunteers, number of organizations that have volunteers and available incentives on volunteering of youth. The vast majority of CSOs interviewed (86%) stated that they are not aware about any state’s program that promotes volunteer engagement. When such programs exists no difficulties to access them were reported. Around 44% of CSOs think that legal framework is simulative or somehow simulative for organizing volunteer activities. At the other end of the scale, 27% of organizations think that the legal framework it is not at all stimulating. Whereas 11 organizations claimed that there is no legal framework on volunteering. CSOs have not reported any form of restrictions on volunteering.