The lack of media freedom and the pressures and threats have made it more and more difficult for journalists in the Western Balkans to work. The fall of communist Yugoslavia and the end of the one-party system was followed by a brief period of increasing freedom and the development of the media system. However, the last decade have seen democratic institutions weakening and media freedom backsliding. According to Human Rights Watch, journalists in the Balkans are facing “a hostile environment”. Montenegro and Macedonia are ranking extremely low on Reporters without borders’ index for European countries with hopes of becoming EU members. Read more here.